There are two types of radio industries in the UK, commercial radio and non commercial radio.
Commercials source of income is selling advertising space. For example Capital (national) and Hallam F.M (local) If they do not sell enough advertising space, they will go bust as this is their main source of income.
Non commercial do not get their income from selling advertising space. These stations get their money to run from the government through tax payments. This is called the license fee. (around £140 a year paid by every single household) The government designs the BBC’s Royal charter which is the BBC’s remit. This is the guidelines on what it should be providing to the us, the audience. The BBC is required to give us a combination of education, entertainment and information plus more.
There a various BBC radio stations, Such as;
BBC Radio One- First aired 30th September 1967. The audience is younger adults, aged between 15-29, with an interest in music and entertainment.
BBC Radio One Xtra-First aired 16th August 2002. This radio strongly emphasises on music, so the target audience will be younger adults.
BBC Radio 2 –First aired 30th September 1967. This radio station plays a mixture of music, covering pop and rock concerts along with comedy. The target audience will be younger, and aimed very specifically to people who like those kind of things.
BBC Radio 3 –first aired 30th September 1967. This radio station is very art and culture based. The target audience would be very specific because there may only be a small amount of people interested in very specific things.
BBC Radio 4- First aired 30th September 1967. This station shares global news stories and is a lot more formal than the others. The target audience would be older adults within a higher class.
BBC Radio 4 Extra- First aired 15th December 2002. This radio stations is a digital network and is used for entertainment purposes. Such as comedy, drama and readings. The target audience would be older people who are interested in comedies and drama.
BBC Radio Five Live-First aired 28th March 1994. This station constantly broadcasts news and sports coverage, live. The target audience would be older adults, mostly male because of the sports.
BBC Radio Five Live Sports Extra-First aired 2nd February 2002. This station is constantly covering live sports. The target audience would be mostly male sports fans.
BBC 6 Music- First aired 11th march 2002. This station focusses mainly on music, pop genre. The target audience would be mostly young people interested in the most recent, up to date music.
BBC Asian Network- First aired 1988. This station is very particularly aimed at the Asian community.
BBC Nations and local radio- First aired 1967. This is a regional service for the UK. It consists of over 40 stations that all provide the local news. This stations target audience would be older people within the UK local area, depending on where that person is.